The Mother of Arabic Fonts

فنون إسلامية

2018-06-11

Ali Tekmaji

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The Thuluth font is one of the most beautiful Arabic fonts and the most difficult in terms of its rules and the pattern and scales of the characters.

It has been widely used on the walls of mosques and holy shrines due to its versatility and flexibility in the formal structure, where the writing is in a special pattern, giving the eye of the reader a pleasant experience.

It is called ‘Thuluth’, meaning one-third in Arabic, because the pencil used is sharpened to a width equal to one-third of its entire width. It is also called ‘The Mother of Arabic Fonts’ for its aesthetic appearance and versatility compared to other font styles.

The Thuluth font is the invention of calligrapher Qutb al-Muharer, who was the first calligrapher in the Umayyad Era.

The manuscript above is a masterpiece of calligrapher Yasin Usama Hijazi, written in Thuluth font with a 1.5 cm pen and on plain 50 x 50 cm paper.

It reads the first verse of chapter 25 in the Holy Quran:

تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَى عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيراً

“Blessed is He who sent down the Criterion upon His Servant that he may be to the worlds a warner” (25:1)

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